What is PTCA ?
When the atherosclerotic plaque of CAD ( coronary artery disease ) blocks the artery , PTCA which is Minimally invasive surgical procedure to correct localized narrowing of artery performed to open blocked or narrowed coronary arteries and to restore arterial blood flow to the heart tissue without open heart surgery.
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A special catheter is inserted into the coronary artery to be treated in the femoral artery in the groin, First a guide wire is inserted and then a catheter which injects a dye.This catheter has a tiny balloon as its tip, The balloon is inflated once the catheter has been placed into the narrowed area of the coronary artery. The inflation of the balloon compresses the fatty tissue in the artery and makes a larger opening inside the artery for improved blood flow.